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Syllabus for Bachelor in Yoga and Naturopathy (1st Year)

Language – Theory Paper I

Tamil / Hindi (University syllabus)

Language – Theory paper II

English (University syllabus)

FUNDAMENTALS OF YOGIC TECHNIQUES

Theory paper I

Unit I:

Introduction of yoga:

Definition

Explanation

Yoga Tree

Yoga Root

Branches

Hatha Yoga

Raja Yoga

Karma Yoga

Bakthi Yoga

Jnana Yoga 

Tantra Yoga

Mantra Yoga

Ashtanga yoga:

Maharishi Patanjali View

Saint Thirumoolar View

Eight Limbs

Two great sages of Yoga

Father of Yoga

Father of Therapeutic yoga  

Meditation:

Definition

Explanation

Features

Benefits

Factors affecting Yogic Meditation

Types

Posture:

Definition

Explanation

Cautions

Benefits

Misconceptions

Causes of misconceptions

Counter Postures

Similarities and Dissimilarities between Yogasana and Physical Exercises.

Mudras:

Definition

Explanation

Principles

Cautions

Types

Hatha Yoga

Hasta Yoga

Mana Yoga

Kaya Yoga

Bandha Yoga

Adhara Yoga

Contraindications

Benefits

Nadis

Chakras

Kundalini

Unit II:

Asanas:

Explanations Benefits & Precautions

Utkatasana

Padmasana

UttithaPadmasana

Pastchimothanasana

Utthanapadasana

Vipareethakarani

Halasana

Matsyasana

Bhujangasana

Salabhasana

Dhanurasana

Vajraasana

Usartaasana

ArdhaSirasana

Nindrapadhasana

Piraiasana

Padahasthasana

Thrikonasana

Konasana

Unit III:

Sun Salutation:

Definition and explanation of Sun Salutation

Preparations of Sun Salutation

12 Steps involved in Sun Salutation

Breathing technique of 12 Steps

Invoking Solar vibrations into our body

Benefits of Sun Salutation

Pranayama:

Definition and explanation of Pranayama

Types of Pranayama

Benefits and explanation of Pranayama 

Preparatory stages for practice of Pranayama 

Precautions to be followed for practicing

Pranayama:

Anuloma and  Viloma

Kabalapathi

Bastrika

Sitali

Sitkari

Unit IV:

Mudras :

Definition and explanation about Mudras

Precautions to be noted before practicing Mudras   Benefits of Mudras

Chin Mudra

Yoga Mudra

Maha Mudra

Bandhas:

Definition and explanation about Bandhas Precautions to be noted

before  practicing Bandhas  Benefits of Bandhas

Uddiyana Bandha

Jalandra Bandha

Unit V:

Kriyas:

Definition and explanation about Kriyas

Precautions to be noted before practicing Kriyas  

Benefits of Kriyas

Neti

Dhouti

Kabalapathi

Naturopathic Food

References:

Astanga Yoga – Dr. Asana Andiappan

Arokiya Vazhvu – Dr. Asana Andiappan

Pranayama - Dr. Asana Andiappan

Suryanamaskar – Dr. Kumari Lakshmi

Iyengar B. K. S ( 1976) Light on yoga, London, Unwin paperpacks.

Sivananda Saraswathi swami (1934) Yoga Asanas Madras : My magazine of India.

Satyanada saraswati swami (2008) Asana, Pranayama, Mudra, Bandha, munger : Yoga publications trust.

Iyenger B.K.S (2008) Light on pranayama, New Delhi : Haper Collins publishers India.

Vishnu Devananda Swami (1972) The complete Illustrated  book of yoga, New york : Pocket Books.

Chandrasekaran K (1999) sound health through yoga Sedapatti : Prem Kalyan Publications.

Yogeshwaranand saraswathi swami ( 1975) First steps to higher yoga , Gangothari : Yoga niketan trust.

THEORY PAPER II

APPLIED ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Unit I:

Definition of Anatomy & Physiology

Scope of Anatomy & Physiology in Yoga

Importance of Anatomy & Physiology in Yoga Terms used

Cells:

Structure

Functions

Mitosis

Meiosis

Tissues:

Classification

Epithelial Tissue and its classification

Connective Tissue and its classification

Muscular Tissue and its classification

Nervous Tissue

Membranes

Glands

Organs:

Organs -  Systems -  Body fluids

Unit II:

Blood:

Functions

Composition

Cellular Elements

Clotting, mechanism of clotting

Blood groups

Disorders of blood

Response of Cardio Vascular System:

Structure

Arterial system

Venous system

Blood circulation

Functions

Cardiac cycle

Conducting

Properties

Heart sounds

Pulse

ECG

Blood pressure

CVS Disorders

Blood vessel disorders

BP disorders

Respiratory System:

Respiration

Respiratory system

Lungs

Mechanism of respiration

Reflex mechanism

Respiratory volume

Exchange of gases

Abnormal types of respiration

Artificial respiration               

Unit III:

Excretory System:

Kidney

Structure

Function

Formation of Urine

Diseases of Urinary system

Central Nervous System:

Brain

Structure function

Spinal cord

PNS

Sensation and Sensory path   

Autonomic Nervous System:

Sympathetic

Parasympathetic

Chemical transmitters

Functions

UNIT IV

Digestive System:

Mouth

Pharynx

Oesophagus

Abdominal cavity & its contents

Small intestine

Large intestine

Peritoneum

Liver:

Structure

Function

Gall bladder:

Structure

Function

Pancreas:

Structure

Secretions

Unit V:

Endocrine System:

Pituitary gland

Thyroid gland

Para thyroid gland

Adrenal glands

Pancreas 

Sex glands

Thymus

Pineal gland

Metabolism Diet and Vitamins:

Metabolism

Carbohydrate metabolism

Protein metabolism

Water metabolism

Salt metabolism

Vitamins

Classification

Fat soluble vitamin

Water soluble vitamin

Role of Yoga on various systems, Health, Fitness, Wellness and for total well being.

Reference:

1) Muktananda Swami ( 2007 ) Nawa yogini Tantra, Munger : Yoga publications Trust.

2) Telles Shirley (2006) A Glimpse of the human body, Bangalore: Swami Vivekananda Yoga prakashana

3) Evelyne C peace (1997) Anatomy & Physiology for Nurses, New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers.

4) Leslie Kamimoff(2007) Yoga Anatomy, Champaign: Human Kinetics

5) Peter L Williams and Roger Waswie(1988) Gray’s Anatomy, Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone

6) Gore M.M(2003) Anatomy and Physiology for Yogic practices, Lonavala: Kamhanprakshan

7) Outta Ray(2001) Yogic Exercises, New Delhi: Jaypee Brothers

8) David Coutter(2010) Anatomy & Hatha Yoga, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Pvt.Ltd.

PRACTICAL – I

Practice of asanas, Suyranamaskar , pranayama, Mudhras, Bandhas, kriyas & Preparation of Naturopathic Food

PRACTICAL - 1

Unit I:      

Loosening Exercise

Demonstration of Suryanamaskar

Asanas:

Utkatasana

Padmasana

UthitaPadmasana

Pastchimothanasana

Uttanapadasana

Vipareethakarani

Halasana

Matsyasana

Bhujangasana

Salabhasana

Dhanurasana

Vajraasana

Usartaasana

ArdhaSirasana

Nindrapadhasana

Piraiasana

Padahasthasana

Thrikonasana

Konasana

Unit II:

Pranayama:

Anuloma and  Viloma  Kabalapathi

Bastrika

Sitali

Sitkari

Unit III:

Mudras :

Yoga Mudra

Maha Mudra

Chin Mudra

Bandhas:

Uddiyana Bandha

Jalandra Bandha

Unit IV:

Kriyas :

Kabalapathi Kriya

Vamana Dhouthi Kriya

Sutra Neti Kriya

Jala Neti Kriya

Meditation: Saguna and Nirguna

Unit V:

Preparation of Naturopathic Food:

Soya beans

Lemon juice

Raw vegetable salad

Fruit salad

Sprouts

Orange juice

Yoghurt

Cabbage Soup

Carrot Juice

Mixed Vegetable Soup

References:

Astanga Yoga – Dr. Asana Andiappan

Arokiya Vazhvu – Dr. Asana Andiappan

Pranayama - Dr. Asana Andiappan

Suryanamaskar – Dr. Kumari Lakshmi

Iyengar B. K. S ( 1976) Light on yoga, London, Unwin paperpacks.

Sivananda Saraswathi swami (1934) Yoga Asanas Madras : My magazine of India.

Satyanada saraswati swami (2008) Asana, Pranayama, Mudra, Bandha, munger : Yoga publications trust.

Iyenger B.K.S (2008) Light on pranayama, New Delhi : Haper Collins publishers India.

Vishnu Devananda Swami (1972) The complete Illustrated  book of yoga, New york : Pocket Books.

Chandrasekaran K (1999) sound health through yoga Sedapatti : Prem Kalyan Publications.

Yogeshwaranand saraswathi swami (1975) First steps to higher yoga , Gangothari : Yoga niketan trust.

Sivananda Swami (2008) Practice of Nature Cure, Shivanandanagar: The Divine Life Society.

PRACTICAL - II

INTENSIVE  TEACHING PRACTICE  IN  YOGA and PRESENTATION OF NATUROPATHIC FOOD  

TEACHING PRACTICE IN YOGA AND PREPARATION AND PRESENTATION OF NATUROPATHIC FOOD WILL BE ORGANIZED DURING THE STUDY. ASSESSMENT OF THE STUDENTS IS 100 MARKS (INTERNAL 25 AND EXTERNAL 75). STUDENTS SHOULD DESIGN PROGRAMME IN YOGIC PRACTICES AND PREPARING NATUROPATHIC FOOD AND SHOULD TEACH AND TRAIN THE SUBJECTS IN YOGA AND EXHIBITING NATUROPATHIC FOOD RESPECTIVELY.

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